Turkey, one of the five major ship recycling countries in the world, has ratified the IMO Hong Kong Convention, the treaty for safe and environmentally sound ship recycling.
The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009, covers the design, construction, operation and maintenance of ships, and preparation for ship recycling in order to facilitate safe and environmentally sound recycling, without compromising the safety and operational efficiency of ships.
Under the Hong Kong Convention, ships to be sent for recycling are required to carry an inventory of hazardous materials, specific to each ship. Ship recycling yards are required to provide a “Ship Recycling Plan” specifying the manner in which each ship will be recycled, depending on its particulars and its inventory.
In its ratification instrument, Turkey declares that it requires explicit approval of the Ship Recycling Plan before a ship may be recycled in its authorized Ship Recycling Facilities.
Turkey becomes the seventh state to become a Party to the Hong Kong Convention. The treaty will enter into force 24 months after ratification by 15 states, representing 40 percent of world merchant shipping by gross tonnage, and a combined maximum annual ship recycling volume not less than three percent of their combined tonnage.
The seven contracting states, Belgium, Congo, Denmark, France, Norway, Panama and Turkey, represent more than 20 percent of world merchant shipping tonnage, and the combined annual ship recycling volume of the contracting states during the preceding 10 years is 1,652,961 GT, i.e. 0.62 percent of the merchant shipping tonnage of the same states.
The top five ship recycling countries in the world, accounting between them for more than 90 percent of all ship recycling by tonnage, are Bangladesh, China, India, Pakistan and Turkey.
IMO is implementing a project (SENSREC Phase II) in Bangladesh to enhance safe and environmentally sound ship recycling develop a roadmap towards accession to the Hong Kong convention. The 19-month project is funded under a $1.1 million agreement with the Government of Norway. It focuses on building capacity within Bangladesh to develop a legal, policy and institutional reform roadmap towards accession to Convention and will train a variety of stakeholders.