Waste Management Announces Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2019 Earnings

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Company Grows Full-Year Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities by 8.5%

Named to CDP’s ‘A List’ for Leading Effort Toward a Low-Carbon Future

Houston — Feb. 13, 2020 — Waste Management, Inc. (NYSE: WM) today announced financial results for its quarter ended December 31, 2019.  Revenues for the fourth quarter of 2019 were $3.85 billion, compared with $3.84 billion for the same 2018 period.  Net income for the quarter was $447 million, or $1.05 per diluted share, compared with net income of $531 million, or $1.24 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2018.(a)  On an adjusted basis, earnings per diluted share were $1.19 for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with $1.13 for the fourth quarter of 2018.(b)

The Company’s adjusted fourth quarter 2019 results exclude negative impacts of $0.07 per diluted share for non-cash charges to write off certain assets, $0.05 per diluted share from interest and advisory costs incurred in connection with the pending acquisition of Advanced Disposal Services, Inc., and $0.02 per diluted share from costs incurred to support our plan to implement a new enterprise resource planning system.

For the full year 2019, the
Company reported revenues of $15.46 billion, compared with $14.91 billion for 2018.  Earnings per diluted share were $3.91 for the
full year 2019 compared with $4.45 for the full year 2018.  On an adjusted basis, earnings per diluted share
were $4.40 for the full year 2019 versus $4.20 for the full year 2018.(b)

“In 2019, we continued our focus
on optimizing our traditional solid waste business, developing our people and
investing in technology to better serve our customers,” said Jim Fish,
President and Chief Executive Officer of Waste Management.  “Our strong results demonstrate that we are
investing in the right areas.  Our
collection and disposal business operating EBITDA grew by 8.5% in 2019 and
operating EBITDA margin expanded by 70 basis points. This strong operating
EBITDA growth translated into an 8.5% increase in net cash provided by
operations in 2019.(c)

“We also are pleased to have been recognized for the fourth consecutive year on CDP’s ‘A-List’ for leading effort toward a low-carbon future. We have had a longstanding commitment to environmental transparency and are proud of the progress we have achieved on reducing emissions and mitigating climate risk,” Fish said.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS FOR THE FOURTH QUARTER AND THE FULL YEAR 2019
Profitability
  • Total Company operating EBITDA was $1.05 billion for
    the fourth quarter of 2019 and $4.28 billion for the full year.  Adjusted operating EBITDA was $1.12
    billion for the fourth quarter of 2019 and $4.38 billion for the full
    year. On a year-over-year basis, adjusted operating EBITDA grew $28
    million, or 2.6%, in the fourth quarter and $167 million, or 4.0%, for the
    year.  Adjusted operating EBITDA
    margin improved 70 basis points in the fourth quarter and 10 basis points
    for the full year.(b)
  • Operating EBITDA in the Company’s collection and
    disposal business, adjusted on the same basis as total Company operating
    EBITDA, was $1.33 billion for the fourth quarter of 2019 and $5.13 billion
    for the full year.  On a
    year-over-year basis, adjusted operating EBITDA in the Company’s
    collection and disposal business grew $120 million, or 9.9%, in the fourth
    quarter and $402 million, or 8.5%, for the year.  Adjusted operating EBITDA margin in the
    Company’s collection and disposal business improved 190 basis points in the
    fourth quarter and 70 basis points for the full year.
Revenue Growth
  • In the fourth quarter of 2019, revenue growth was
    driven by strong organic growth in the Company’s collection and disposal
    business, which contributed $88 million of incremental revenue.  For the full year, yield and volume
    growth in the Company’s collection and disposal business contributed $706
    million of incremental revenue.
  • Core price was 4.3% in the fourth quarter of 2019,
    compared to 4.4% in the fourth quarter of 2018.  For the full year, core price was 4.2%
    in both 2019 and 2018.(d)
  • Internal revenue growth from yield for collection and
    disposal operations was 3.2% in the fourth quarter of 2019 and 2.8% for
    the full year, compared with 2.3% for both the fourth quarter and the full
    year of 2018.
  • Collection and disposal internal revenue growth from
    volume was negative 0.6% in the fourth quarter of 2019.  Total Company internal revenue growth
    from volume, which includes recycling and other businesses, was negative
    0.4% in the fourth quarter.  For the
    full year 2019, collection and disposal internal revenue growth from
    volume was 2.6% and total Company internal revenue growth from volume was
    2.3%.   
  • Throughout 2019 strong revenue growth from the
    collection and disposal business was partially offset by recycling
    commodity price headwinds.  The
    sharp decline in market prices for recycled commodities led to a $104
    million year-over-year decline in revenue from the Company’s recycling
    line of business in the fourth quarter of 2019 and a $244 million decline
    for the full year.
Commodity-Based Businesses
  • Operating EBITDA in the Company’s recycling line of
    business declined $12 million when comparing the fourth quarter of 2019
    with the prior year period.  For the
    full year, operating EBITDA in the Company’s recycling line of business was
    essentially flat when compared to the full year 2018.  The Company achieved this outcome in
    spite of a 35% decline in market prices for recycled commodities during
    2019, due to the continued focus on developing a sustainable recycling
    business model that meets customers’ environmental needs on a
    fee-for-service basis.
  • Operating EBITDA from the sale of renewable natural
    gas credits declined $12 million from the fourth quarter of 2018 due to lower
    market values.  For the full year
    2019, operating EBITDA from the sale of renewable natural gas credits
    declined $23 million from 2018.
Cost Management
  • As a percentage of revenue, total Company operating
    expenses were 60.2% in the fourth quarter of 2019 compared to 61.9% in the
    fourth quarter of 2018. For the full year, as a percentage of revenue,
    total Company operating expenses were 61.4% in 2019, or 61.3% on an
    adjusted basis, compared to 62.0% in 2018.(b) 
  • As a percentage of revenue, SG&A expenses were 11.6%
    in the fourth quarter of 2019, or 10.7% on an adjusted basis, compared to 9.6%
    in the fourth quarter of 2018. For the full year, as a percentage of
    revenue, SG&A expenses were 10.6%, or 10.3% on an adjusted basis, compared
    to 9.7% for the full year 2018.(b)           
Free Cash Flow & Capital Allocation
  • Net cash provided by operating activities was $1.02
    billion in the fourth quarter compared to $912 million in the fourth quarter
    of 2018. For the full year, net cash provided by operating activities was $3.87
    billion, compared to $3.57 billion for the full year of 2018. 
  • Capital expenditures were $286 million in the fourth quarter
    of 2019, compared to $454 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.  For the full year, capital expenditures
    were $1.82 billion, compared to $1.69 billion for the full year of 2018.     
  • Free cash flow was $756 million, including $20 million
    in asset sales, in the fourth quarter of 2019, compared to $560 million,
    including $102 million in asset sales, in the fourth quarter of 2018.   For
    the full year, free cash flow was $2.11 billion, including $49 million in
    asset sales, compared to $2.08 billion, including $208 million in asset
    sales, for the full year of 2018.(b) 
  • The Company paid $218 million of dividends to
    shareholders in the fourth quarter of 2019.  For the full year, the Company returned
    $1.12 billion to shareholders comprised of $876 million in dividends and $248
    million in share repurchases.
  • The Company spent $527 million on acquisitions of solid
    waste businesses during 2019, $9 million of which was spent in the fourth
    quarter. 
Income Taxes
  • The Company’s effective tax rate for the fourth quarter
    of 2019 was 15.8%.  On an adjusted
    basis, the tax rate was 16.3%.  For
    the full year, the Company’s effective tax rate was 20.6%.  On an adjusted basis, the tax rate was 20.2%.(b)

2020 OUTLOOK(e)

Profitability
  • Adjusted operating EBITDA is expected to be between
    $4.56 and $4.66 billion for the full year.(b) 
Revenue Growth
  • Core price is expected to be 4.0% or greater.  Internal revenue growth from yield
    on the collection and disposal business is expected to be about 2.5%.
  • Internal revenue growth from volume is expected to be
    about 1.5%.    
Free Cash Flow & Capital Allocation
  • Free cash flow is projected to be between $2.15 and $2.25
    billion, exclusive of transaction and advisory costs incurred for the
    acquisition of Advanced Disposal.(b)
  • Capital expenditures are expected to be in the range
    of $1.7 to $1.8 billion.
  • The Board of Directors has indicated its intention to
    increase the dividend by $0.13 per share to $2.18 on an annual basis for
    an approximate annual cost of $920 million. This represents the 17th
    consecutive year of increases in the Company’s per share dividend.  The Board must separately approve and declare
    each dividend. 
  • The Company has $1.32 billion remaining on its
    existing Board of Directors’ authorization to repurchase common stock.  Given
    the strength of the Company’s free cash flow performance in 2019 and outlook
    for 2020, the Company expects to restart its share repurchase program in the
    first quarter.

Fish concluded, “Our hardworking team members made 2019 a
successful year, and 2020 is set to be an outstanding year as we drive organic
growth in the solid waste business and anticipate closing on the acquisition of
Advanced Disposal.  We will continue to focus
on the long-term growth of our business through investments in our team members,
technology, and asset network.  We are confident that we are positioned
for success in 2020 and beyond.”

————————————————————————————————————–

(a) For purposes of this press release, all references to “Net income” refer to the financial statement line items “Net income attributable to Waste Management, Inc.”

(b) Adjusted earnings per diluted share, adjusted net income, adjusted operating EBITDA, adjusted operating EBITDA margin, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted SG&A expenses, adjusted tax rate, and free cash flow are non-GAAP measures. Please see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below and the reconciliations in the accompanying schedules for more information.

(c) Management defines operating EBITDA as GAAP income from operations before depreciation and amortization; this measure may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures reported by other companies.

(d) Core price is a performance metric used by management to evaluate the effectiveness of our pricing strategies; it is not derived from our financial statements and may not be comparable to measures presented by other companies.  Core price is based on certain historical assumptions, which may differ from actual results, to allow for comparability between reporting periods and to reveal trends in results over time.  Beginning with the fourth quarter 2019, the Company has updated its core price calculation.  With advancements in technology, the Company began collecting additional transactional customer level data, which provides improved clarity of the impact of the Company’s pricing activities.  While this does not change the year-over-year core price performance result, the new measure reflects a more precise calculation in the evaluation of revenue changes.  Please refer to the press release tables, where the Company has provided two years of quarterly core price data using the new methodology.

(e) The Company’s 2020 Outlook does not include the impact of our planned acquisition of Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.

The Company will host a
conference call at 10:00 AM (Eastern) Feb. 13, 2020 to discuss the fourth
quarter and full year 2019 results.  Information
contained within this press release will be referenced and should be considered
in conjunction with the call.

The conference call will be
webcast live from the “Events & Presentations” section of investors.wm.com.
To access the conference call by telephone, please dial (877) 710-6139
approximately 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start of the call.  If you are calling from outside of the United
States or Canada, please dial (706) 643-7398. 
Please utilize conference ID number 9977058 when prompted by the
conference call operator.

A replay of the conference call
will be available on the Company’s website investors.wm.com
and by telephone from approximately 1:00 PM (Eastern) Feb. 13, 2020 through
5:00 PM (Eastern) on Feb. 27, 2020. To access the replay telephonically, please
dial (855) 859-2056, or from outside of the United States or Canada, dial (404)
537-3406 and use the replay conference ID number 9977058.

ABOUT WASTE MANAGEMENT

Waste Management, based in Houston, Texas, is the leading
provider of comprehensive waste management environmental services in North
America. Through its subsidiaries, the Company provides collection, transfer,
disposal services, and recycling and resource recovery. It is also a leading
developer, operator and owner of landfill gas-to-energy facilities in the
United States. The Company’s customers include residential, commercial,
industrial, and municipal customers throughout North America. To learn more
information about Waste Management, visit www.wm.com or www.thinkgreen.com.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The Company, from time to time, provides estimates of
financial and other data, comments on expectations relating to future periods
and makes statements of opinion, view or belief about current and future
events. This press release contains a number of such forward-looking
statements, including but not limited to all statements under the heading “2020
OUTLOOK” and all statements about future business performance, growth,
investments and timing and closing of the Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.
acquisition. You should view these statements with caution. They are based on
the facts and circumstances known to the Company as of the date the statements
are made. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and
uncertainties that could cause actual results to be materially different from
those set forth in such forward-looking statements, including but not limited
to, increased competition; pricing actions; failure to implement our
optimization, growth, and cost savings initiatives and overall business strategy;
failure to identify acquisition targets and negotiate attractive terms; failure
to consummate or integrate the acquisition of Advanced Disposal Services,
Inc. or other acquisitions; failure to obtain the results anticipated from
the acquisition of Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. or other
acquisitions; environmental and other regulations, including developments
related to emerging contaminants and renewable fuel; commodity price
fluctuations; international trade restrictions; weakness in economic conditions;
failure to obtain and maintain necessary permits; disposal alternatives and
waste diversion; declining waste volumes; failure to develop and protect new
technology; failure of technology to perform as expected, including
implementation of a new enterprise resource planning system; failure to
prevent, detect and address cybersecurity incidents or comply with privacy
regulations; significant environmental or other incidents resulting in
liabilities and brand damage; significant storms and destructive events
influenced by climate change; labor disruptions; impairment charges; and
negative outcomes of litigation or governmental proceedings. Please also see
the Company’s filings with the SEC, including Part I, Item 1A of the
Company’s most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional
information regarding these and other risks and uncertainties applicable to our
business. The Company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking
statement, including financial estimates and forecasts, whether as a result of
future events, circumstances or developments or otherwise.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement its financial information, the Company has presented,
and/or may discuss on the conference call, adjusted earnings per diluted share,
adjusted net income, adjusted operating EBITDA, adjusted operating EBITDA
margin, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted SG&A expenses, adjusted tax
rate and free cash flow, as well as projections of adjusted operating EBITDA
and free cash flow; these are non-GAAP financial measures, as defined in
Regulation G of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Company
reports its financial results in compliance with GAAP but believes that also
discussing non-GAAP measures provides investors with (i) financial measures the
Company uses in the management of its business and (ii) additional, meaningful
comparisons of current results to prior periods’ results by excluding items
that the Company does not believe reflect its fundamental business performance
and are not representative or indicative of its results of operations.

The Company’s non-GAAP results and projections exclude the impact of
costs incurred in connection with the pending acquisition of Advanced Disposal
Services, Inc. In addition, the Company’s projected full year 2020 operating
EBITDA is anticipated to exclude the effects of other events or circumstances
in 2020 that are not representative or indicative of the Company’s results of
operations. Such excluded items are not currently determinable, but may be
significant, such as asset impairments and one-time items, charges, gains or
losses from divestitures or litigation, and other items. Due to the uncertainty
of the likelihood, amount and timing of any such items, the Company does not
have information available to provide a quantitative reconciliation of such
projection to the comparable GAAP measure.  

The Company discusses free cash flow because the Company believes that
it is indicative of its ability to pay its quarterly dividends, repurchase
common stock, fund acquisitions and other investments and, in the absence of
refinancings, to repay its debt obligations. Free cash flow is not intended to
replace “Net cash provided by operating activities,” which is the most
comparable GAAP measure. The Company believes free cash flow gives investors
useful insight into how the Company views its liquidity, but the use of free
cash flow as a liquidity measure has material limitations because it excludes
certain expenditures that are required or that the Company has committed to,
such as declared dividend payments and debt service requirements. The Company
defines free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities, less
capital expenditures, plus proceeds from divestitures of businesses and other
assets (net of cash divested); this definition may not be comparable to
similarly-titled measures reported by other companies.

The quantitative reconciliations of non-GAAP measures used herein to the most comparable GAAP measures are included in the accompanying schedules, with the exception of projected operating EBITDA. Non-GAAP measures should not be considered a substitute for financial measures presented in accordance with GAAP.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

Web site www.wm.com

Analysts

Ed Egl, 713.265.1656
eegl@wm.com

Media

Andy Izquierdo, 832.710.5287
aizquierdo@wm.com

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